This is a guidance document for countries and implementing partners on the technical requirements for developing digital information systems for issuing standards-based interoperable digital certificates for COVID-19 vaccination status, and considerations for implementation of such systems, for the purposes of continuity of care, and proof of vaccination.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is grateful for the contribution that many individuals and organizations have made to the development of this document.
This document was coordinated by Garrett Mehl, Natschja Ratanaprayul, Derek Ritz, Philippe Veltsos, and Bernardo Mariano Junior of the WHO Department of Digital Health and Innovations, in collaboration with individuals in departments across
WHO and other organizations, who include: Marta Gacic-Dobo and Jan Grevendonk of the WHO Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals; Carmen Dolea and Thomas Hofmann of the International Health Regulations Secretariat; Sara
Barragan Montes and Ninglan Wang of the WHO Department of Country Readiness Strengthening; Andreas Reis and Katherine Littler of the WHO Department of Health Ethics and Governance; Ayman Badr and Kevin Crampton of the WHO Department of Information Management and Technology; Thomas Grein and Abdi Rahman Mahamud of Strategic
Health Operations WHO Emergency Response; Wouter ’T Hoen of the WHO Department of Human Resources and Talent Management; Carl Leitner, Jenny Thompson and Luke Duncan from PATH; Voo Teck Chuan from the National University of Singapore; and Robert Jakob and Nenad Kostanjsek of the WHO Department of Data and Analytics.